Tooth sensitivity and aches may occur due to many reasons but being exposed to the cold weather during winter is one of the major reasons. Sensitive teeth can mean occasional and mild discomfort to severe pain that can last for a sustained period of time. When the enamel covering the teeth is uncovered, it exposes the dentine underneath, this dentine is full of tiny tubes with sensitive nerve endings running through them. These exposed dental tubules can cause pain upon exposure to hot or cold substances. The classic example is eating ice cream.
Your dentist will be able to determine whether the pain is coming from  a cavity or a root or enamel that is exposed. Some people only need to switch their toothpaste to one that is for sensitive teeth, but in worse cases, the pain could be caused from tooth decay or an infection. Whatever the cause may be, it is good to know sooner than later. Here are several ways to help strengthen your teeth so you can get through the winter without sensitive teeth:

1. BREATHE THROUGH YOUR NOSE, NOT MOUTH

 Whenever you breathe through your mouth the cold air can come into contact with the surfaces of the teeth as it passes them. This blast of cold air can trigger teeth to become sensitive. Also breathing through the mouth causes dryness of mouth and prevents protective action of saliva coating over the teeth.

2. USE A SOFT TOOTHBRUSH

Proper use of a soft toothbrush maintains integrity of teeth long term. When you use a toothbrush which medium or hard, it abrades the enamel surface more rapidly, hence leads to exposing the tubules in underlying dentin and causing sensitivity.

3. DO NOT BRUSH VERY VIGOROUSLY

Overenthusiastic and vigorous brushing causes enamel layer to wear off rapidly, especially around the “necks” of the teeth- the area from where the teeth come out from the gums. This area already has thin enamel, so harsh brushing affects it badly. This is one of the common causes for creating sensitivity to teeth.

4.USE A TOOTHPASTE FOR SENSITIVE TEETH

 Most of the time, tooth sensitivity is just a result of cold weather. Using a toothpaste for sensitive teeth seals and blocks the exposed tubules in the dentinal layer with specific medicinal ingredients. These protect the nerves and hence prevent the sensation of pain.

5. USE A FLUORIDATED MOUTHWASH

Taking fluoride treatments like gels and rinses will strengthen your tooth enamel and protect your teeth from possible problems. When your teeth are covered with the gel, the nerves inside are sealed off. Using a fluoridated mouthwash twice a day or as directed by your dentist will benefit your sensitive teeth

6. LIMIT INTAKE OF ACIDIC/ SUGARY FOODS

As much as most people love eating sugary foods and colas, it is very damaging to your teeth. Hence it is bly recommended to limit the intake of such foods for healthy teeth. If you must have a soda, it is better to drink it through a straw to avoid contacting the teeth. Also, it is advisable to NOT brush your teeth immediately following eating sugary food or colas since these make your enamel softer and brushing over softened enamel is harmful.

If you are experiencing continued problems with tooth sensitivity, it is probably a good idea to visit your dentist. No-one needs to suffer from this problem and there is often a simple solution.

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