Dentures are removable false teeth designed to replace missing teeth. There are 2 types of dentures i.e. complete dentures and removable partial dentures. Complete dentures are used by patients who do not have any teeth in a single arch (upper or maxillary / lower or mandibular arch).
Patients that have some missing teeth in an arch use removable partial dentures.
A complete denture may be 'Conventional' or 'immediate'. A conventional denture is made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has healed, usually taking 4-6 weeks. During this time, the patient will go without teeth. Immediate dentures are made in advance and immediately placed after the teeth are removed, thus preventing the patient from having to be without teeth during the healing process. Once the tissues shrink and heal, adjustments need to be made.
Removable Partial Dentures may be any one of these types:
- Traditional denture
- Traditional denture with a metal framework to make the denture strong, light and of course biocompatible
- Flexible or unbreakable denture
Due to availability of newer advances in dentistry, the denture can be fixed to the jaw bone by using dental implants.